The Four Humors are the metabolic agents of the Four Elements in the human body. The right balance and purity of them are essential to maintain health. The Four Humors and the elements they serve are as follows:
BLOOD – AIR PHLEGM – WATER YELLOW BILE – FIRE BLACK BILE – EARTH
All four of these humors, or vital fluids, are present in the bloodstream in varying quantities.
Health is a harmonious balance and interworking of the humors.
In Hippocrates Humor Theory the mix of the Humors make the Four Temperaments, which are the basic constitutional body – mind types in Hippocrates medicine. Each one is named after certain humor and is characterized by the predominance of that humor and its associated basic qualities.
The Four Temperaments are the basis of all constitutional notions of diagnosis and treatment in Hippocrates Medicine. Each individual has an innate, natural balance or makeup of humors and qualities that are unique and personal to him or her. This is called an individual’s temperament.
Knowing your temperament, you know how to eat, live and medicate yourself properly for optimum health maintenance and disease prevention.
Each of the Four Temperaments can be recognized by certain basic traits of physique, physiology, digestion and metabolism, personality and character.
When the humors are harmonious, balanced and working well together, that is a condition called eucrasia, or “good mixture”. When the humors are unbalanced, aggravated, or out of sorts, that is a condition called dyscrasia, or “bad mixture”.